Thursday, 18 July 2024

Historical Sites in the Liberated Parts of the Golan.
Quneitra Museum(formerly the Governor's House):
It is an old inn built from black basalt stones. Most of its rooms were domed. t was originally built by a wealthy merchant known as Shamseddin son of al Mazlaq 754-848 Hegira. Because Quneitra had always been a main station for transit caravans traveling to Palestine and Egypt, the inn was built big enough to accommodate large numbers of travelers. It is 40 x12 m i.e. 480 square meters .Just before the 1967 war it was used a s the governor's house.
In 1992 a presidential decree no .557 classified the inn as a historical site. Later it was changed into a museum. Its rooms were designed to show items according to the civilizations that had flourished in Quneitra from a chronological point of view:
1-Stone and copper ages before 4000 B.C.
2-Civilizations of the second and first millennium B.C.
3-Classical ages from the 4th.century B.C. -7th. Century A.D.
4-Arab Islamic civilization 7th. Century -19th. Century A.D.
The museum contains more than 650items that cover these ages. It has also a 2500 sq.m. garden with 9 big items exhibited in the open air.
-Tombs of Nabaalsakhr.
Tall Nabaalsakhr is a historical site registered under decree no. 134 A/of 1983.
In 1995 two Tombs were discovered in the Tall (hill).They are the largest in the Golan. Both can be accessed through underground tunnels. Archeologists believe that they belong to the median Bronze age 1800-1600 B.C.
-The First Tomb: can be accessed from an 18 steps stairs that leads to a conical roofed 3x3 m room. In the opposite wall there is an arched outlet that leads to a 6x1.5 x1.5 m tunnel. The tunnel leads to the main sarcophagus. The total length of the Tomb is 22 m. In the front room archeologists found 160 pottery items :Bowls, plates, glasses, jars …..etc. in white ,brown and grey colors. Most important of these items were two miniature statues of goddess Ishtar and an ivory flute.
-The second Tomb: is 15 m to the south of the first one. It can be accessed through a 10.20 m long ladder in the shape of a right angle. At the left end of the ladder there is a tomb that can reached through an 8 steps spiral stairs. The sarcophagus inside is 2 m long,70 c.m. wide in the side of the head and 30 c.m. wide in the side of the legs. The Tomb is 14 m under ground.
During last excavations two 22 m long paralleled walls were discovered. A 2,5 m wide corridor separates between them. It is tiled with stones and is gradually rising from the south to the north. The walls are believed to be the main protective walls of the ancient city located on the hill.

-Khan Arnaba (The Inn of Arnaba ) :Registered under decree 155/A of 1983.
This is a 50x50 m square building with a total area of 2500 sq.m. It has several rooms with a mosque in the north eastern angle. Most of the rooms have domed roofs. The inn was built in the 15th.century A.D. as a station for transit caravans.

-Mosque and Mausoleum of Sheikh S.D.Jbawi in Jaba:
This mosque is in the center of jaba,3 k.m south of Khan Arnaba. The mausoleum is inside the mosque. It has the tomb of Sheikh Saadeddin Jbawi and his son. Both were prominent figures of the Islamic Saadia Method.
The mosque was built in the late Islamic period. Many tourists visit the place seeking the bless of the mausoleum.
-The Mausoleum of Abitharralghifari: The mausoleum is in the east of Tranjeh , 7 km north of Khan Arnaba. Abu Tharr was one of the prominent companions of the prophet Mohammad (pbuh). He was known as “ father of the poor” because he used to spend his wealth in charity. The prophet Mohammad said of him: “He will live alone, die alone and be resurrected alone”. The mausoleum is located in the middle of an oak and pine trees forest. It is frequented by many people who seek the bless of the place.
Important Historical Sites in the Liberated Parts of Quneitra There are about 45 historical sites in the liberated parts of Quneitra. Some of them are old buildings, others are cemeteries. They belong to different ages. Most important of these sites are: -Two Roman temples in Mt. Hermon (a summer and a winter royal palaces). -Ancient houses in Majdalia (Roman-Byzantine period). -Cemeteries of Tall Mas-hara and Tall Kroum Jaba. -Ancient cemeteries of the :Obeid Cave in Jaba, Aldar Cave in Jaba, Aaryan and Dallafa caves in Hadar.

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